Although ‘Jajim’ and ‘Cicim’ may be different versions of what was originally the same word, the former is used in Iran for a fabric that differs substantially from what the Turks refer to as a Cicim. The Jajim in Iran is a warp-faced fabric that is often woven on narrow horizontal looms of the sort used for tent bands in Central Asia. The warps may extend horizontally 50 feet or more, and the resulting strips are usually cut in to pieces of equal length and sewn together to make rectangular covers, or the strips themselves – which vary from about 4 inches to over 16 inches in width – may be used decoratively.
Some of the looms have foot pedals to speed production, and some have none. This kind of work takes place in scattered villages throughout the country, and it apparently occurs among villagers of both Iranian and Turkic origin. Excellent Jajims have been woven by the Shahsevan and in the Southern Caucasus.
In some parts of the country wider looms are used for Jajim weaving, and in this case the fabric is woven all in one piece. These Jajims, because of their different structure, are lighter in weight than those made of bands sewn together, and they are used for curtains or covers.
Warp faced fabrics suggestive of the Iranian Jajim are woven in small numbers in Eastern Turkey, where they may be known by a variety of names.
If you own a ‘Jajim’ or ‘Cicim’ Rug that requires cleaning please call RugWash Queensland on 3375 9896.